The groundbreaking Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) study, led by Dr. Vincent Felitti in 1990, revolutionised our understanding and approach to managing childhood trauma.
ACEs are defined by childhood traumas, including physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, witnessing violence, substance misuse, mental and physical illness, parental separation or divorce, and having an incarcerated household member. These experiences can have profound and lasting effects on a child's development, health and well-being.
Children who have experienced ACEs often struggle with emotional regulation, have challenging behaviour, don't reach their full potential, and struggle forming trusting relationships.
As parents, caregivers, educators, and members of society, it is our collective responsibility to create nurturing environments that foster healing and understanding. Instead of merely reacting to challenging behaviours, we need to delve deeper and address the root causes underlying them.
Here are three key factors that play a pivotal role in minimising the impact of ACEs and cultivating healing.